Eurostat – 20.12.2012
Following a sharp fall in 2009, EU27 international trade in goods with Russia recovered in 2010 and 2011. EU27 exports to Russia fell from 105 billion euro in 2008 to 66 bn in 2009, then rose to 86 bn in 2010 and 108 bn in 2011. Imports decreased from 178 bn in 2008 to 118 bn in 2009, then increased to 161 bn in 2010 and 199 bn in 2011. As a result, the EU27 trade deficit with Russia rose from 52 bn in 2009 to 75 bn in 2010 and 91 bn in 2011.
The first nine months of 2012 showed continued growth in EU27 trade with Russia. Exports rose by 15%, from 79 bn in the first nine months of 2011 to 91 bn in the same period of 2012, while imports increased by 5%, from 149 bn to 157 bn. As a result of this faster growth in exports, the EU27 trade deficit with Russia decreased from 70 bn in the first nine months of 2011 to 65 bn in the same period of 2012. In the first nine months of 2012, Russia was the EU27’s third most important trading partner after the USA and China, accounting for 7% of EU27 exports and 12% of EU27 imports.
On the occasion of the 30th European Union – Russia summit, which will take place on 20 December in Brussels, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, issues the latest data on trade and investments between Russia and the EU.
Germany accounts for about a third of EU27 exports to Russia and a fifth of imports from Russia Among the EU27 Member States, Germany (28.2 bn euro or 31% of EU exports) was by far the largest exporter to Russia in the first nine months of 2012, followed by Italy (7.3 bn or 8%), France (7.0 bn or 8%) and the Netherlands (6.1 bn or 7%). Germany (29.6 bn or 19% of EU imports) was also the largest importer, followed by the Netherlands1 (22.1 bn or 14%), Poland (15.8 bn or 10%), Italy (13.9 bn or 9%) and France (8.7 bn or 6%).
Eighteen Member States recorded deficits in trade with Russia in the first nine months of 2012, the largest being observed in the Netherlands1 (-15.9 bn euro), Poland (-10.2 bn), Italy (-6.6 bn) and Spain (-3.9 bn). Surpluses were modest, the highest being recorded in Denmark (+0.7 bn).
Just over 85% of EU27 exports to Russia in the first nine months of 2012 were manufactured goods, while energy accounted for more than three quarters of imports.