We present the forms of employment in Slovenia, working conditions and social security that is required in Slovenia.
Forms of employment
Along with the Employment Relationship Act, this field is also regulated by collective agreements and internal regulations set by employers.
An employment relationship in Slovenia is, in principle, concluded on the basis of a full-time employment contract. The contract can be concluded for a fixed period, full- or part-time.
Slovenian legislation identifies various forms of employment for single, occasional and short-term work, such us work based on contracts for work or copyright contracts, and work based on a student employment office’s referral.
The conclusion of a contract for work, payment made to the bank account open at one of the Slovenian banks and the payment of tax obligations is available to a foreign non-resident person based on an allocated Slovenian tax number, which can be acquired at the tax administration office.
An employment contract forms the basis for an employment relationship. Employment relationships in Slovenia are normally for an indefinite period. The contract can be concluded for a fixed period, full or part time. Based on the employment relationship, the employee is included in pension, disability, health insurance and unemployment insurance.
This type of contract enables an individual to perform copyrighted work; in all other cases, only a contract for work can be concluded. Work based on a contract for work or copyright contract is subject to civil law, whereby a written agreement on performed work, deadlines and payment is normally included.
Contract for work
The subject of a contract for work can be the production of items (this mostly applies to craft production and other major investment arrangements), the repair of items (craft services), physical and intellectual work. The weakness of the contract for work or copyright contract is that the employer is not obliged to provide unemployment or pension insurance to the worker.
Student work is occasional or temporary work performed by a student, pupil or any other appropriate person via an authorised organisation (student employment offices, Employment Service of Slovenia, work agencies) that issues the appropriate work referral.
The average monthly gross pay for December 2011 in Slovenia was €1546.09; net pay was €999.33.
Full working hours are specified on a weekly basis, i.e. 40 hours per week. Working time can be shorter, but not less than 36 hours per week.
The Employment Relationship Act stipulates that an employee has the right to annual leave in each calendar year, and annual leave cannot be shorter than 4 weeks.
Absence from work
An employee is justifiably absent from work in cases of temporary inability to work due to illness or injury.
Recognition of qualifications acquired abroad
The fundamental principle is that each EU citizen should be enabled to practise their profession in any other Member Country.
Access to, and practise of, regulated vocations or activities in other Member Countries under the same conditions that apply to citizens of the host Member Country are enabled by the system for the recognition of professional qualifications, which is regulated by the Directive of the European Parliament and Council 2005/36/EC as of 7 September 2005.
Social security and insurance of employees
Social security in Slovenia is based on contributions paid by all employees and sole traders to the social security system.
The amount of contributions paid by the employer and employee is stipulated by the Social Security Contributions Payment Act.